Cividep, Bangalore, India

CIVIDEP helps educating workers about their rights in different sectors. In their research and campaigns they work together with different like-minded organizations and individuals.

Pilot project for child care for textile workers in India: First success and plans for the future

With about 1,200 garment factories Bangalore is now one of the main centres for the Apparel industry in India. Although child care is mandatory in textile factories, either it does not exist or there are too few qualified personnel adequately equipped day care places. As the seamstresses have to work long hours, their children are often with their grandparents or left unattended.

FEMNET supported the Indian NGO Cividep to implement a model of crèches in the year 2015 as part of an initial pilot project.

With this project we wanted retail companies such as H & M and C & A to call on their suppliers to follow the Indian law and to take responsibility to provide good care facilities for young children, and in that this project could be a role-model for other companies as well. By enabling children gain access to child-friendly education from the beginning itself, they have better conditions to be able to break the vicious circle of poverty and exploitation.

The one-year pilot phase, partly funded by the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is now complete and has been very successful. Thus, Cividep and FEMNET undertook the first project on improving childcare in the Bangalore garment industry.

Here are some of the objectives that have been achieved as of July 2016:

  • A needs assessment within the suppliers of H & M and C & A was conducted and was made available to the public. Now there is clear information available to support the young children and the working conditions of mothers in these selected factories.
  • Both companies - C & A and H & M - have been informed about the existing situation of child care, and have been asked to ensure that their suppliers in Bangalore establish facilities for early childhood education and care in accordance with the legal requirements. C&A began a process of auditing and improving crèches at the factories of six out of 37 of their suppliers in Bangalore. However H&M remains defiantly indifferent, requiring more lobbying so that it fulfils its duty to provide child care.
  • The project had the original objective of ensuring high-quality care services for 160 children: that target being met a total of 188 children are now cared for in existing facilities of C & A suppliers and other manufacturers in Bangalore.
  • Cividep was able to engage stakeholders in consultations, and influence several manufacturers and brands to take direct measure to improve and expand childcare facilities. Two prominent manufacturers came forward to upgrade their crèche facilities in collaboration with Hippocampus Learning Centre, a private organization providing scientific Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) to children of disadvantaged groups.
  • Kindergarten personnel of the factories have been trained in 2-day introductory courses.
  • 95 trade union workers (instead of the planned 60) were informed about the rights of women on supervised kindergarten places, so that they can demand for better provisions in the future.
  • We hope to continue the project for the next two years – through a renewed funding from the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) on one hand, and through donations which are urgently needed to ensure the continuation.


The following documents were recently published:

Needs Assessment for Childcare Facilities in Bangalore's Garment Industry (2015)

CIVIDEP Needs assesment Bangalore

Download as PDF-File

Model for factory / Community Crèches and Training for Personnel (2015)

cover model for factory bangalore

Download as PDF-File

Early Childhood Care in Bangalore’s Garment Industry - A Multi-stakeholder Consultation (2015)

 cover early childhood care bangalore

Download as PDF-File

Taking Care of Business - Childcare in Bangalore's Apparel Industries, 2012

Cover taking care 2012
Download as PDF-File

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